Journal of Contemporary Macroeconomic Issues https://ojs.scekr.org/index.php/jcmi <p>The inception of <em><u>Journal of Contemporary Macroeconomic Issues</u></em> (JCMI) is to publish the Research Work that originates to provide the cover to contemporary and incessant range of persistent macroeconomic hatchbacks at the emerging economies of the world. The Journal came into being in the year 2020.</p> <p><strong>ISSN PRINT: </strong><em>2708-4973</em></p> <p><strong>ISSN ONLINE: </strong><em>2709-0469</em></p> <p><strong>FREQUENCY OF PUBLICATION: </strong><em>BI-ANNUAL (JUNE &amp; DECEMBER)</em></p> <p><strong>REVIEW PROCESS: </strong><em>TRIPLE BLIND PEER REVIEW</em></p> <p><strong>SYSTEM OF SUBMISSION: </strong><em>OPEN JOURNAL SYSTEM (OJS)</em></p> <p><strong>LANGUAGE: </strong><em>ENGLISH</em></p> <p><strong>PUBLISHER: </strong><em>SCHOLASTIC CENTER FOR EDUCATION, KNOWLEDGE, AND RESEARH</em></p> <p> </p> en-US editors.jcmi@gmail.com (Dr. Khawaja Asif Mehmood) farasat6346138@gmail.com (Farasat Ali Shehzad) Fri, 14 Jun 2024 05:27:53 +0000 OJS 3.3.0.12 http://blogs.law.harvard.edu/tech/rss 60 Workers’ Remittances and Socio-Economic Well-Being in Top Ten Remittances Receiving Developing Countries: The Role of Financial Development https://ojs.scekr.org/index.php/jcmi/article/view/129 <p>The present study contributes empirical evidence to the impact of remittances on the socio-economic well-being of recipient nations, particularly through the enhancement of their Human Development Index (HDI) rankings. Utilizing a panel dataset comprising the top ten remittance-receiving countries over the period from 1990 to 2020, the research endeavors to offer a comprehensive analysis of the relationship between remittance inflows and HDI metrics. This investigation delves into the nuanced dimensions of HDI, namely health, education, and income per capita, to discern the specific effects of remittances on each component. The study employs the generalized method of moments (GMM) technique to mitigate potential endogeneity concerns inherent in the relationship between remittances and financial development. The findings of this empirical inquiry suggest that remittances wield a discernible influence on augmenting human well-being, particularly by fostering improvements in health and education outcomes. Additionally, the study identifies a constructive role for financial development in bolstering HDI indicators. In light of these findings, it is recommended that policymakers formulate tailored strategies aimed at facilitating remittance flows, thereby affording migrants enhanced access to robust financial systems.</p> Mahnaz Muhammad Ali, Rozina Sadiq, Muhammad Javed Copyright (c) 2024 Journal of Contemporary Macroeconomic Issues https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 https://ojs.scekr.org/index.php/jcmi/article/view/129 Fri, 14 Jun 2024 00:00:00 +0000 Unmasking the Dynamics: Drivers of the Shadow Economy in SAARC Countries https://ojs.scekr.org/index.php/jcmi/article/view/128 <p>The study aims to investigate the determinants of shadow economy in SAARC countries, during the period of 1995 to 2021. The study uses three proxies for shadow economy as dependent variables, which are the ratio of reserve to narrow money (Shadow-1), the ratio of narrow to broad money (Shadow-2), and the ratio of currency in circulation to broad money (Shadow-3), while trade, tax, unemployment, government final consumption expenditure (GFCE), governance index (GI), and economic freedom index (EFI) used as independent variables. The study applies second generation panel unit root test and method of moments-quantile regression (MM-QR) technique. The finding of the study as theoretically expected independent variables, trade, tax, unemployment, and government final consumption expenditure (GFCE) have positive and significant coefficients, while governance index (GI), and economic freedom index (EFI) have negative and significant effect on the shadow economy in SAARC countries. The study suggests that the economic freedom and governance quality should be improved and government size, tax, and unemployment should be decreased to control the shadow economy in SAARC countries.</p> Abdul Saboor, Muhammad Ramzan Sheikh Copyright (c) 2024 Journal of Contemporary Macroeconomic Issues https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 https://ojs.scekr.org/index.php/jcmi/article/view/128 Fri, 14 Jun 2024 00:00:00 +0000 Effect of Remittances on Household Welfare: A Case Study of District Mansehra https://ojs.scekr.org/index.php/jcmi/article/view/131 <p>This study examines the impact of foreign remittances on household welfare in district Mansehra. Primary data is used for this purpose. Data were collected through questionnaires from a sample of 294 households. The study estimates welfare as the dependent variable, which is calculated from household expenditures on food, non-food items, and the sum of both. Housing conditions, access to necessities, and women's empowerment were used to assess financial well-being. Simple OLS regression analysis was employed for estimations. The study finds a positive and significant relationship between remittances and household well-being.</p> Qurrat-ul-Ain, Misbah Nosheen Copyright (c) 2024 Journal of Contemporary Macroeconomic Issues https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 https://ojs.scekr.org/index.php/jcmi/article/view/131 Fri, 14 Jun 2024 00:00:00 +0000 Analysis of Poverty Determinants in Pakistan: Insights from Household-Level Data https://ojs.scekr.org/index.php/jcmi/article/view/132 <p>The study identifies different household-level determinants of poverty<br />in Pakistan. The study makes use of PSLM (Pakistan Social and Living<br />Standard Measurement) data for the year 2019–2020. By evaluating the<br />Logit and Probit Regression model, this study identifies economic<br />factors that contribute to poverty. According to the findings, poverty is<br />positively correlated with the dependence ratio and the number of people<br />with disabilities. In addition, households with literate household heads<br />have lower rates of poverty. Similarly, household heads, urban residents<br />are more likely to have lower levels of poverty than rural residents.<br />Moreover, Sindh has the highest level of poverty whereas KP has the<br />lowest. Therefore, poverty may be decreased by offering free education,<br />job opportunities, and good planning for population expansion. Because<br />family size has a direct impact on dependence ratio, governmental efforts<br />to reduce household size must be encouraged. In a similar manner,<br />rehabilitation programs should be created, and monthly transfer<br />payments should be provided to people with disabilities. Therefore,<br />initiatives must be taken to reduce the disparities in the country's<br />infrastructure, health, and education.</p> Misbah Nosheen, Mohammad Tahir , Javed Iqbal Copyright (c) 2024 Journal of Contemporary Macroeconomic Issues https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 https://ojs.scekr.org/index.php/jcmi/article/view/132 Sat, 15 Jun 2024 00:00:00 +0000 Analysing the Role of Food Security, Agricultural Exports and Income Inequality in Shaping Economic Growth Trajectories in Developing Countries https://ojs.scekr.org/index.php/jcmi/article/view/135 <p>This study examines the impact of food security, agricultural exports<br />and income inequality on economic growth in 89 developing nations<br />from 1990 to 2020. Employing Method of Moments Quantile<br />Regression (MMQR), it analyses all four dimensions of food security,<br />which include availability, access, stability and utilization. Key findings<br />include positive impact of adequate food availability on economic growth<br />through promoting health as well as productivity. Prevalence of<br />undernourishment negatively affects economic growth, indicating its<br />role in reducing labor productivity and exacerbating poverty. Food<br />stability, measured by per capita food production variability, shows a<br />significantly negative impact on economic growth. Access to improved<br />drinking water is positively associated with food utilization and<br />economic growth. The study recommends interventions to promote<br />labor force participation, infrastructure investment, reduced income<br />inequality and financial system development for sustainable economic<br />growth in developing countries.</p> Sumaira Batool, Muhammad Ramzan Sheikh Copyright (c) 2024 Journal of Contemporary Macroeconomic Issues https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 https://ojs.scekr.org/index.php/jcmi/article/view/135 Sat, 15 Jun 2024 00:00:00 +0000 Impact of Firms’ Characteristics on Total Factor Productivity: Evidence from Pakistan https://ojs.scekr.org/index.php/jcmi/article/view/142 <p>This study has two objectives: First, it measures the firm-level total<br />factor productivity of Pakistan’s industrial sector for a panel of 161<br />firms listed on the Pakistan Stock Exchange over the period 1997-2017.<br />Second, it examines the impact of cost of goods sold, firm size, total<br />borrowings, return on assets, and interest rate on total factor<br />productivity using a multinomial logit model. In order to calculate firmlevel<br />total factor productivity, we estimated a variant of the firm-level<br />production function. The results indicate that firm size and return on<br />assets are significantly positively associated with total factor<br />productivity, whereas cost of goods sold and interest rate are<br />significantly negatively related to total factor productivity. Results on<br />the association between total borrowings and total factor productivity<br />show mixed evidence. The findings of the study are important as<br />aggregated total factor productivity at the macro level is a reflection of<br />micro-level total factor productivity. Therefore, to prevent the negative<br />effects of the cost of goods sold, it is recommended that the government<br />formulate policies such as an industry-friendly energy policy, as well as<br />reduce raw materials and tariff rates. Similarly, to reduce detrimental<br />effects on total factor productivity, the State Bank of Pakistan ought to<br />reconsider its interest rate policies.</p> Usman Shaukat Khan, Abdul Qayyum, Irfan Ullah Khan, Mumtaz Ahmed Copyright (c) 2024 Journal of Contemporary Macroeconomic Issues https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 https://ojs.scekr.org/index.php/jcmi/article/view/142 Sun, 23 Jun 2024 00:00:00 +0000